Christ will come in glory to judge and rule. Since it is primarily prophetic, Revelation contains little historical material, other than that in chaps. The 7 churches to whom the letter was addressed were existing churches in Asia Minor modern Turkey. Apparently, they were singled out because John had ministered in them.
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Revelation is first and foremost a revelation about Jesus Christ The book depicts Him as the risen, glorified Son of God ministering among the churches ff. Many other rich theological themes find expression in Revelation. The church is warned about sin and exhorted to holiness. In few other books of the Bible is the ministry of angels so prominent.
Finally, only Daniel rivals this book in declaring that God providentially rules over the kingdoms of men and will accomplish His sovereign purposes regardless of human or demonic opposition. No other NT book poses more serious and difficult interpretive challenges than Revelation. The preterist approach interprets Revelation as a description of first century events in the Roman Empire see Author and Date. It is impossible to see all the events in Revelation as already fulfilled. The second coming of Christ, for example, obviously did not take place in the first century.
The historicist approach views Revelation as a panoramic view of church history from apostolic times to the present—seeing in the symbolism such events as the barbarian invasions of Rome, the rise of the Roman Catholic Church as well as various individual popes , the emergence of Islam, and the French Revolution.
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This interpretive method robs Revelation of any meaning for those to whom it was written. It also ignores the time limitations the book itself places on the unfolding events cf. Historicism has produced many different—and often conflicting—interpretations of the actual historical events contained in Revelation. The idealist approach interprets Revelation as a timeless depiction of the cosmic struggle between the forces of good and evil.
In this view, the book contains neither historical allusions nor predictive prophecy. Revelation then becomes merely a collection of stories designed to teach spiritual truth. The futurist approach insists that the events of chaps. It describes the events surrounding the second coming of Jesus Christ chaps. Help Grace to You bring important resources like this to people in your community and beyond, free of charge.
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Play via Sermon App. Other Editions 4. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Revelation of Jesus Christ , please sign up. This question contains spoilers… view spoiler [what does the book of revelation describe? See 2 questions about Revelation of Jesus Christ…. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. It is quite refreshing to read and intelligent and scholarly volume on the book of Revelation.
Fanciful interpretations and all manner of flabbergasting ideas have made their way to the main stream market place of religious ideas claiming to have their basis upon this book, when in reality most all these ill conceived notions do nothing but discredit their source. Stefanovic rightly places Christ at the center of his book, His unfailing love and righteous justice permeate every page, His death i It is quite refreshing to read and intelligent and scholarly volume on the book of Revelation.
Stefanovic rightly places Christ at the center of his book, His unfailing love and righteous justice permeate every page, His death in Calvary and soon coming are the constant themes of every chapter. All the way until the end he reminds us that Revelation wasn't written in order to satisfy our curiosity about the future, but to encourage believers to remain faithful to God in the midst of trials, temptations and even the fear death. Aided by historic, linguistic, biblical, and cultural studies, Stefanovic explores each verse on their proper context, emphasizing what the text actually says rather than to provide an interpretation to the symbolic nature of the book.
He often explores the meaning of John's visions, but exegesis takes precedence on every step of the way. He takes the historic approach of interpretation, favoring it over the preterist, futurist and allegorical methods. My only critique is that the later chapters seemed a little thin in comparison with the earlier ones. I understand that the author wanted to avoid themes he had explored in previous chapters, but it appeared to me that the first two thirds of the book contained more substance than the last third. I found myself constantly supplementing my reading with other books such as the 7th SDA Bible Commentary in order to have a better grasp on the text of Revelation.
In any case, this is a book I highly recommend for any serious student of the Word of God. Oct 10, Dave Tielung rated it it was amazing. View 1 comment. Good commentary Very good study. Can be a bit repetitive on the notes but I guess that helps with understanding. Looking for more by this author. You cannot be admitted into the choirs above without having practiced and rehearsed their music here below.
Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him, even they who pierced Him. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen. Behold, He is coming : This is a command to look — to check it out. John moved from praising Jesus to describing His return.
He wants us to behold the coming of Jesus. Jesus said that we should watch and wait for His coming Matthew It is something to keep before the eye of our mind , to behold. That supernatural vision will come later. For example, John knew that Jesus was coming because Jesus said He was coming.
Jesus said, I will come again and receive you to Myself John He is coming with clouds : When Jesus comes, He will be surrounded by clouds. This will be true literally, because when Jesus left this earth, He was taken up into a cloud and God said that He would return in the same manner Acts It will also be true figuratively, because multitudes of believers are called clouds in a figurative manner Hebrews Understanding this connection with the glory of God, it is fitting — and wonderful — that the multitude of believers is called a cloud.
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The Revelation of Jesus Christ
At His first coming, Jesus was somewhat obscure. During His earthly ministry, He never made front-page news in Rome. But when Jesus comes again, every eye will see Him. The whole world will know. For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be Matthew Even they who pierced Him : When Jesus comes, it will be a particularly meaningful revelation for the Jewish people. Of course, it was not the Jews alone who pierced Him. But we know John had in mind the revelation of Jesus to His own people because this is an allusion to Zechariah When Jesus reveals Himself to His own people, the Jews, it will not be in anger.
By that time, the Jewish nation will have turned to Jesus, trusting in Him as their Messiah Matthew , Romans When they see Jesus and His pierced hands and feet, it will be a painful reminder of their previous rejection of Him. It will fulfill the scene of Zechariah And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced.
Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn. He could read it in Zechariah Since there will be people saved from all the tribes of the earth Revelation , everyone will have a part in this mourning. He just needed to remember what Jesus said at Matthew Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
This shows that the translators believed that these were the words of Jesus. John was finished with his introduction, and now Jesus introduced Himself. Some wonder if it is God the Father or God the Son speaking here. We suspect it is the Son , Jesus Christ, and we believe this for many reasons. Third, though the title who is and who was and who is to come is used of God the Father in Revelation , it is also true of God the Son, and seems to be directed to Jesus in Revelation and The Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End : The idea behind these titles for Jesus is that He is before all things and will remain beyond all things.
Alpha was the first letter of the ancient Greek alphabet, and Omega was the last letter. If Jesus is both the Beginning and the End , then He also has authority over everything in-between. This means that Jesus has a plan for history, and He directs the path of human events toward His designed fulfillment.
Our lives are not given over to blind fate, to random meaninglessness, or to endless cycles with no resolution. Instead, Jesus Christ who is the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End directs all of human history and even our individual lives. Who is and was and who is to come : As shown in the comments on Revelation , this phrase communicates the idea behind the great Old Testament name for the Triune God, Yahweh.
It reflects His eternal nature and His unchanging presence. Jesus has this eternal nature just as much as God the Father does.
Micah prophetically expressed it this way: Whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting. Hebrews expressed it this way: Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. This great word Almighty is used ten times in the New Testament, and nine of the ten times are in the Book of Revelation. I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
It was used as a prison island and functioned as a jail without bars. The island was rich in marble, and most of the prisoners were forced laborers in marble quarries. Patmos was a rocky, desolate island about 10 miles long and 6 miles wide. But neither seas, nor Alps, nor ages, can sever the bonds by which Christians are united to each other, or to Christ, their Lord. Less than a year ago I passed that island. It is a mere mass of barren rocks, dark in colour and cheerless in form. It lies out in the open sea, near the coast of Western Asian Minor. It has neither trees nor rivers, nor any land for cultivation, except some little nooks between the ledges of rocks.
There is still a dingy grotto remaining, in which the aged Apostle is said to have lived, and in which he is said to have had this vision. A chapel covers it, hung with lamps kept burning by the monks. For the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ : Most scholars assume that John was on Patmos because he was arrested and imprisoned in persecution from the Romans. This is probably the case, especially because John said that he is your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ. However, it is also possible that John was on Patmos as a missionary to the prisoners there.
Church History , III. Early sources also indicated that about a. This was a unique spiritual experience for John, what some might call an out of body experience — though of course, without the occult or spiritism such experiences are associated with today. There are four references to John being in the Spirit in the Book of Revelation. First at Patmos Revelation , then in heaven Revelation , then in the wilderness Revelation , and finally on the mountain of God Revelation This is not the same term used for The Day of the Lord in the Old Testament, nor is it the same idea.
I heard behind me a loud voice : The loud voice John heard was clear and striking as the sound of a trumpet. The loud voice belongs to the Alpha and Omega , the First and the Last , who is the beginning and the end of all things. Since Jesus introduced Himself with these titles in Revelation , we know this was the loud voice of Jesus. The title Alpha and the Omega has the same idea as First and the Last. This is one of the New Testament passages where Jesus clearly claimed to be God.
Enduring Word Bible Commentary Revelation Chapter 1
What you see, write in a book : Here, John was commanded to write what he saw. He would be commanded to write eleven more times in the Book of Revelation. We get the sense that unless John was commanded to write , he would have just kept it to himself. Send it to the seven churches which are in Asia : John was commanded to write to seven churches in seven cities. Each of these churches is in the region of the Roman province of Asia. But these were not the only cities with churches in this region. Why were these specific seven churches chosen?
Some suggest that it was because they are arranged in a roughly circular pattern. Others think it was because these were postal districts in the Roman province of Asia. Many believe seven churches were chosen because in the Bible, the number seven often represents completeness, and these letters — and all of the Book of Revelation — are written to the complete church, not only these seven churches. Then I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands, and in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band.
He saw seven golden lampstands. These were not candlesticks, they were not menorahs, but they were free standing oil lamp stands. The lamps set on these lampstands.
There were seven separate lampstands. This is an image that reminds us of the golden lampstand that stood in the tabernacle and the temple Exodus Yet this is different. The Old Covenant lampstand was one lampstand with seven lamps on it. Here in the New Covenant, we see seven lampstands. God had but one church of the Jews, but many among the Gentiles. The light comes from the oil lamps themselves. The stands merely make the light more visible. Therefore, the lampstands are a good picture of the church.
And in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man : Jesus was there in the midst of these lampstands, as the Son of Man , a figure of glory looking back to Daniel Though the title Son of Man sounds like a humble title, in light of the Daniel passage, it is not a humble title at all. Clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band : The clothing of Jesus indicates that He is a person of great dignity and authority.
The golden band around the chest probably hints at the garments of the high priest Exodus Exodus says that there were golden threads in the band that went around the chest of the high priest of Israel. It is all gold!
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How much greater is the eternal, heavenly priesthood of Jesus! One of the duties of the Old Testament priests was to tend the golden lampstand in the tabernacle. Every day they had to fill the oil, clean the soot, and trim the wicks. They had to closely inspect and care for the lamps so they would burn continually before the Lord. Here is Jesus, our High Priest, in the midst of the seven lampstands , carefully inspecting and caring for the lamps, helping them to always burn brightly before the Lord.
His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes like a flame of fire; His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace, and His voice as the sound of many waters; He had in His right hand seven stars, out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength. His head and hair were white like wool : The white hair speaks of old age, and is therefore in that culture connected with the idea of great wisdom and timelessness.
The phrase white as snow also emphasizes the idea of purity Isaiah The white hair and head also connect Jesus with the Ancient of Days in Daniel